Springboard Diving and Platform Diving.
Basic dive has four distinct phases: the
starting position, the take-off, the in-flight
maneuvers, and the entry into the water.
Water depth is usually well marked in pools,
but in natural bodies of water the depth is
usually not indicated. To decide whether or
not a location is safe for diving, anyone
planning to dive should first check the depth
of the water and make sure it is free from
A diver first master simple skills such as
feetfirst jumps before learning body
positions, alignment, somersaults, and
Each dive begins from a starting position, and
there are two basic types of starts: standing
For standing dives the diver stands on the
edge of the platform or springboard with the
body held straight, the head erect, and the
arms straight. In front and reverse dives from
the standing position, the diver looks forward
out over the pool. In back and inward dives,
the diver turns around to face the platform or
For running dives, the diver takes the
starting position far enough back from the
edge of the platform or tip of the springboard
to take a few steps and build up forward
momentum before take-off.
The take-off is the portion of the dive prior
to flight when the diver prepares to jump up
and away from the platform or springboard.
The in-flight maneuvers define which dive the
athlete is performing. During the passage
through the air, a diver can hold his or her
body in one of several positions. These
positions are straight, pike, tuck, and free.
In all positions the diver should hold the
feet together and keep the toes pointed. A
diver must be flexible enough to move in and
out of these positions while completing twists
and somersaults, and strong enough to hold the
position while spinning rapidly.
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